Location, area and frontiers : Argentina (from
the Latin argentum, since 1860 Republica Argentina, is a continental area covering almost 3 million sq km. Its frontier with Uruguay, Brazil, Paraguay, Bolivia and Chile has a perimeter of 9.376 kms and the coast on the Atlantic Ocean is 4.725 kms long.)
Geography and other features :
Argentina offers a variety of landscapes and climate; Aconcagua is our recognized highest peak (6.959mts). Argentina is a land of contrasts, varied geography, geology and natural resources, with immense central plains, a majestic mountain range, plateaus in the northwest, lakes, forests and glaciers in the south, and waters in the northeast. Fresh water, clean air (out of big towns), open spaces
(pampas, patagonia), uncontaminated beef (grass grazed animals),
green forests (northeast and southwest), fresh
fruit and vegetables of all sorts all the year round, plenty
of sun and good weather are generous with us (not equally with
Currency: The official Argentine currency is the Peso and there are notes of 5,10,20,50 and 100 pesos and coins of 1,2 and 5 pesos and 5,10, 25 and 50 centavos.
and Constitution: The country is a federal and
democratic republic (executive, legislative and judicial powers). We are a "federal" country, but
sometimes it would seem everything is happening in the city of Buenos
Aires (capital of Argentina). Spanish is our official
language and English is becoming our second (globalization pushing).
Historically, Argentina was closely connected to Europe, opening to the
rest of the world only after WWII, and lately looking elsewhere trying
to join forces with other South American countries to gain economic strength.
Population and cities: Almost half of our 38 million population, live in the Federal Capital (those who can, are trying to move
to the suburbs, just like in any other big city) and the province of Buenos
is 13 inh/km2, 85% of population lives in cities, 12 million in Buenos
Aires, followed by Cordoba 1,2 million, industrial Rosario close
behind, Mendoza 851.000 people and good wines; San Miguel de Tucuman, "the
garden city of Argentina", with 626.143, La Plata, capital of the Province of
Buenos Aires 520.647, Mar del Plata, "queen" of the coast 519.797 and Salta, "the beautiful" 367.099. Pure indigenous population (Mapuches, Collas, Tobas, Matacos,Guaranies, Huarpes, Ranqueles, Pampa, Diaguita and Chiriguanos) amount to an approx 0.5%
: We are still learning to accept our neighbors and call them
names. Paraguayans mostly work in the construction
produce and sell green grocery. Uruguayans are our "nearest". We like their beaches and choose their banks to evade local taxes when we have no access to more remote havens, or need relative security
in times of crisis. Chileans, across the Andes, are doing a great job, their economy
has been flourishing for years now (despite their political problems,
they are consistent, love their country and respect their rules and
policies, have diversified their economy and are pushing exports) but they have been "underming" our own markets and we
secretly disdain them for their success. Brazil is our big expansionist brother,
with huge forest reserves (irrational use of their land - not always their own fault - has caused
great harm), beautiful coast and friendly people, who keep their smile in times of crisis.
Argentina and Argentines : Argentina is populated by people
have come from all
parts of the world. Lifestyle
in cities is markedly more European than any other in South America. Our greatest enemies are two
: corruption and our incapability of finding wise intellectual and political
leaders. On the other hand, Argentina is a young
country (discovered 300 after the opening of the first
university in Europe!) We simply cannot expect to have it all at
once. Can we? Nevertheless we should be doing something to avoid our young
people from emigrating to countries where their elders have come from in search for peace or prosperity, and convince them that it is not gold all that glitters.
Further search to know us: When preparing this website I have come
across lots of valuable links on Argentina, (some only in Spanish). There is a selection under General Links or links are attached to
corresponding pages. Search well, enjoy it and come down here to visit us. YouŽll never forget it.