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  THE COAST SOUTH - Puerto Madryn

 

Puerto Madryn was founded in 1865,  when 150 Welsh arrived at Argentine coast on board the "Mimosa" and  baptized this natural port "Puerto Madryn"  after a Welsh castle that belonged to Sir Jones Parry, who made an agreement with the government in 1863 for the settlement  of the colonies in this area.  

Proper settlements started in 1862,    when the railway track  between Madryn and Trelew was built and Welsh, Spanish and Italian immigrants were hired for its construction.  Thus the city started to grow around the railway and port activities. The coast,  together with the railway track,  were the leaders of its growth until the end of the 50s and 60s, when tax exemptions were removed and the last maritime enterprise disappeared, as well as the Merchant Company of Chubut, and finally the Patagonic Railway closed down. 

At the beginning of the 60s  some textile industries settled down,  again thanks to tax exemptions.  But years later all such  industries closed down and people started to emigrate at the beginning of the 70s.  The activity which had fostered the growth of the city was no longer there.  Later the settlement of an aluminum plant in the north of the city  moved the industrial area to the north. The plant is still there and doing well.

Mid 70s  the population of Puerto Madryn experienced what is known as explosive growth;  in less than 10 years its population tripled and there were new industrial settlements. The place recovered its former activity and also acquired a tourist character. It  became head of services in the  area, stressing its interest in the preservation of the environment and keeping  the legacy of those who fell in love with the place at first sight.

Puerto Madryn is situated in the northwestern region in Chubut province,  by the shore of the Golfo Nuevo and presents a mild climate.  Its rock formation is 10 to 15 million years old and fosiles are often found in the deposits of the Tertiary sediments. The Quarternary deposits of sandy gravel that spread over the plateau are known as "Rodados patagónicos".   They are about 100.000 years old and spread along the coast to the west.  The shores of Puerto Madryn can be divided into 1) beaches: pebble and sediments of thin to medium sand; 2) active cliffs or "bandas" that take up a great extension of the cost;  3) abrasion platforms or "restingas" beach ridges are seen in most of the points that limit the beaches. 

The shortage of rains determines a semiarid surrounding,  worsened by the action of the winds. Yearly there are rains of 175 mm: Rains are scarce in summer,  winter is "rain season".    Average temperature ranges between 12º and 13ºC.  The average temperature of Golfo Nuevo water is 18ºC in summer and 7ºC in winter and in autumn  seldom lower  than 10ºC;  in spring about 12ºC. 

Activities: This land at the end of the world is  the capital of Argentine diving and   underwater world and where you can also go sailing, windsurfing and boatfishing

 

 

 

 

 

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